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  • 试题题型【阅读理解Section D】
试题内容
Directions: Read the following text from which 10 words have been removed. Choose from the words A—O the most suitable one to fill each numbered gap in the text (46 -55). There are FIVE extra words that you do not need to use. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
    Reading is thought to be a kind of conversation between the reader and the text. The reader puts questions, as it were, to the text and gets answers. In the light of these he puts __1__ questions, and so on. 
  For most of the time this “conversation” goes on below the level of consciousness. At times, however, we become __2__ of it. This is usually when we are running into difficulties, when mismatch is occurring between __3__ and meaning. When successful matching is being experienced, our question of the text continues at the unconscious level. 
  Different people __4__ with the text differently. Some stay very close to the words on the page, others take off imaginatively from the words, interpreting, criticizing, analyzing and examining. The former represents a kind of comprehension which is __5__ in the text. The latter represents __6__ levels of comprehension. The balance between these is important, especially for advanced readers. 
  There is another conversation which from our point of view is __7__ important, and that is to do not with what is read but with how it is read. We call this a “process” conversation as __8__ to a “content” conversation. It is concerned not with meaning but with the __9__ we employ in reading. If we are an advanced reader our ability to hold a process conversation with a text is usually pretty well __10__. Not so our ability to hold a content conversation. 
  

A. opposed      
B. converse  
C. equally  
D. written 
E. developed    
F. strategies  
G. compared  
H. awake 
I. higher         
J. expectations 
K. deal  
L. absolutely 
M. aware        
N. better     
O. further

1.[选词填空]____
    • 解题思路:由空格后的 and meaning 可知,此处应填名词,与 meaning 构成并列结构。原文为“我们会意识到沟通的存在,通常是在我们遇到难题或 …… 与文章意思不符的时候”,故只有 expectations “所猜测的意思”符合题意。 
    2.[选词填空]____
      • 解题思路:此处应填形容词。由 The former 和 The latter 可知,此处是将两种人的对话方式进行比较,故可选项有 higher 和 better ,但由前面提到的后一种人对文章所做的 interpreting,criticizing,analyzing and examining 可知,这些都属于对文章更高层次的理解,因此选 higher 。 
      3.[选词填空]____
        • 解题思路:此处应填动词的被动形式。选项中有 developed “提高,加强”和 compared “比较”能与 ability 构成动宾搭配,但从句意理解,通常高级读者与文章进行“程序对话”的能力 …… ,故只有 developed 符合题意。
        4.[选词填空]____
          • 解题思路:从句子结构来看,此处缺的是 employ 的宾语,再从选项中看,能与 employ 形成动宾搭配且符合题意的只有 strategies ,故选 strategies 。
          5.[选词填空]____
            • 解题思路:很明显此处应填动词且能与 with 搭配。可选项有 converse 和 deal ,从句意来理解,不同的人 …… 文章不同,但由于文章主要说明的是读者与文章之间的沟通方式,故排除 deal “处理”而选 converse “谈话。 
            6.[选词填空]____
              • 解题思路:很明显此处应填形容词。可选项有 higher 和 further ,原文为“根据答案反复提出。。。问题“,但 higher 一般强调的是层次上的高低,因此不能用来修饰 question ,故只有 further “更进一步的”符合题意。 
              7.[选词填空]____
                • 解题思路:此处应填形容词且能与 of 构成固定搭配。可选项有 awake 和 aware ,由前一句中 below the level of consciousness (即 unconsciousness )和此句中 however 转折可以推出,此处应填与 consciousness 意思相近的形容词,故排除 awake “警觉的”,而选 aware 。 
                8.[选词填空]____
                  • 解题思路:因关系代词 which 指代的是 comprehension ,可知此处应填动词的被动形式。但由 The former 和 the words on he page 可推出前一种人是从文中的字词去理解文章,而字词只能是被写在文中,因此只有 written 符合题意。 
                  9.[选词填空]____
                    • 解题思路:选 C 显然此处应填副词。可选项有 equally 和 absolutely ,但由 another 可推出,文章是在分别说明两种对话方式,而没有突出哪个更重要,故排除 absolutely 而选 equally 。 
                    10.[选词填空]____
                      • 解题思路:此处是将“ process ” conversation 与“ content ” conversation 形成对比,故可选项有 opposed 和 compared ,但 as opposed to 是固定搭配,因此排除 compared 。
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                      • 参考答案:J,I,E,F,B,O,M,D,C,A
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